The Sudanese peace agreement is a historic peace agreement signed on 31 August 2020 in South Sudan by the Sudanese government led by Abdallah Hamdok and in the presence of the head of the Sudan Sovereignty Council. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, with the Sudan Revolutionary Front, which includes the five main Sudanese rebel groups, and at the head of the Justice and Equality Movement and the Sudan Liberation Movement, both from the Darfur region in the west, and the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement North, which is leading a rebellion against the Sudanese government of South Kordo and the Sudan Liberation Movement. The agreement aims to achieve stability and peace in Sudan after decades of civil conflict that is estimated to have killed more than 300,000 people and displaced more than two and a half million, especially after the conflict in Darfur has spread since 2003. Sudan`s interim government and several rebel groups have signed a peace agreement aimed at resolving years of wars that have left hundreds of thousands dead and millions displaced in different parts of the country. The members of the Security Council congratulated Sudan and its people on this historic achievement, which is an important opportunity for a comprehensive and lasting peace in Sudan and an important step in the transition to a peaceful, stable, democratic and prosperous future for Sudan. Lieutenant-General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo signed the document on behalf of the Sudanese government [Akuot Chol / AFP] Two powerful rebel groups – but the Darfur-based faction of the Sudan Liberation Movement (MLS), led by Abdelwahid Mohamed al-Nour, and the People`s Liberation Movement of North Sudan (SPLM-N) led by Abdelaziz al-Hilu have not signed the challenges. Two negotiating areas with SPLM-N (al-Hilu) had advanced until 21 January on six framework agreements after a two-week break, but disagreements remained over the SPLM-N (al-Hilu) request of a secular state in southern Kordofan and the Nuba Mountains and on the self-determination of the Blue Nile.  A first round of negotiations took place in Juba in mid-September.   In the second round, in October 2019, agreements on the two-zone line between the government and the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement (al-Hilu) (SPLM-N (al-Hilu) were signed on 18 October 2019 and on the Darfur line between the government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF).  The third round began in mid-December on the South Sudan line, the two-zone line with SPLM-N (Agar) and the Darfur Highway.
 The members of the Security Council called on the signatories of the Peace Agreement to begin early implementation, in particular the main provisions of the Agreement on Security Measures and combating the root causes of conflict in Darfur and both regions. They reaffirmed their commitment to support the implementation of the Agreement, including through the United Nations Transitional Integrated Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) and the African Union and United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID). The members of the Security Council reaffirmed the importance of the partnership between the United Nations and the African Union in this regard.
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