Copyright transfer agreements also require authors to confirm that they do hold copyright for all documents relating to a given publication and that, in many agreements, the purpose for which copyright must be transferred has not been published in advance and should not be published elsewhere in order to limit the frequency of dual publications and plagiarism.   The timing of the transfer of rights is inherently problematic for several reasons. First, publication means that copyright transfer rights, which are subject to publication conditions, are rarely freely transferred or acquired without printing.  Second, it becomes very difficult for an author not to sign a copyright transfer contract because of the association of publications with career advancement (print or loss/print publication) and the time lost should be restarted in the verification and publication process. There are power dynamics in the game that do not benefit authors and often endanger certain academic freedoms.  This may partly explain why authors in the field of scientific research, unlike all other sectors where original creators receive fees or royalties, generally receive no payment from publishers. It also explains why many authors seem to continue to sign their rights when they do not agree with the reasons behind them.  (c) the article is not defamatory and is neither copyright, enforcement, enforcement, trademark, personality, nor other third party rights, nor illegality; and it is not certain that such a transfer of copyright is generally permitted.  Promoters or research institutes, public museums or art galleries may have guidelines that stipulate that copyright to research, content, intellectual property, employment or funds cannot be transferred to third parties, commercially or otherwise. Normally, a single author signs on behalf of all authors, perhaps without their conscience or permission.  A comprehensive understanding of copyright transfer contracts requires a firm understanding of “Legal Speak” and copyright, in an increasingly complex landscape of licensing and copyright[Note 1][Note 2] and for which there is a steep learning curve for librarians and researchers.   Thus, in many cases, authors may not even have the right to transfer full rights to publishers or agreements have been amended to provide complete texts on repositories or archives, regardless of the subsequent publication contract.  Publishers` permission to copy, display and distribute the work is necessary for publishers to act as such, and publication agreements for a wide range of publishers have such provisions.
  The scope of copyright transfer contracts may go far beyond that, and “some publishers require, as far as possible, that copyright be transferred to them.”  This means that no one, including the authors, can reuse texts, paintings or characters in other publications without first obtaining permission from the new copyright holder.  Therefore, critics argue that copyright in scientific research is largely ineffective in its proposed use, but that it has also been wrongly acquired in many cases, and that it is in practice contrary to its fundamental objective of protecting authors and scientific research.
（转载本站文章请注明作者和出处 酷 壳 – CoolShell ，请勿用于任何商业用途）