Many agreements are concluded on a voluntary basis, but mandatory agreements are not negligible. However, collective bargaining and voluntary agreements are not as important as in other industrialized countries. The practice of collective bargaining in India improved considerably after the passage of certain laws, such as the Industrial Disputes Act of 1947, as amended from time to time. The Bombay Industrial Relations Act of 1946, which provided for workers` rights to collective bargaining. Since then, a number of collective agreements have been concluded. (2) A collective agreement supervisory authority may be created. Its mission is to advise the parties on various aspects of collective bargaining, to assist them in resolving legal disputes and to record agreements reached by the parties. (d) the priorities assigned to the different methods in the agreements and their changing model. The government is also looking at the collective bargaining process. The government adopts and enforces several labour laws and wants it to be applied in its own proper sense.
If a person breaks the rules and laws, he imposes them by force. The united working class becomes a power to protect its interests from the exploitation of employers through collective bargaining. Management is not prepared to negotiate working methods (since it is considered an exclusive right of management to make decisions), nor do unions want to negotiate productive standards and disciplinary issues, as any agreement in this regard would limit their freedom. A major weakness in collective bargaining is the diversity of unions. In a situation of multiple trade union policy, even a recognized trade union union, with long-standing stable and generally positive relations with management, adopts a combative attitude as its conscious strategy. Mediation is usually the unsolicited intervention, by some externals of the body in order to obtain conciliation or to force an agreement, mandatory mediation is an extreme mediation. These are all aids or complements to collective bargaining, where they collapse. They represent the intervention of external parties. In his own words: “Most collective bargaining (agreements) have been at the factory level, although in major textile centres such as Bombay and Ahmedabad, inter-professional agreements were (quite) common… Such agreements also exist in the southern plantation industry, Assam and the coal industry.
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