Indigenous Cultural Communities (ICC) and Indigenous Peoples (“IPs”) enjoy priority rights for the harvesting, extraction, development or exploitation of natural resources in their areas of origin. Without the CIPFs of the CCIs and CPIs concerned, no ancestral area can be exploited for mining operations. The parties must conclude an agreement with the KICs and CPIs indicating the royalty, which may not be less than 1% of gross production. This fee is part of a trust fund for the socio-economic well-being of CICs and CPIs. MAs are agreements between a contractor and the government, in which the government grants the contractor the exclusive right to perform mining work in the territory of the contract, but not the ownership of the contract. .
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