Western officials believe that war fatigue, promises of foreign aid, the burden on Libya`s oil economy and the common threat from the Islamic State will help get the national government off the road and bring opponents on board. The multi-party agreement forced the parties to “use any influence they might have” to secure the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of referendums to approve the agreement. The standardisation process forced the British government to reduce the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland “to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society”. These include the removal of security facilities and the lifting of specific emergency powers in Northern Ireland. The Irish government has committed to a “thorough review” of its breaches of state law. The result of these referendums was a large majority in both parts of Ireland in favour of the agreement. In the Republic, 56% of voters, 94% of the vote, voted in favour of revising the Constitution. In Northern Ireland, turnout was 81% and 71% of the vote was in favour of the agreement. Four years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, Libya is deeply fragmented, with a self-declared government in Tripoli and an internationally recognized government in the East, backed by coalitions of former rebels and militias. “The doors remain wide open to those who are not here today,” UN envoy Martin Kobler said at the ceremony attended by regional foreign ministers. “The signing of the political agreement is only the first step.” Paisley stepped down as Premier and DUP leadership on 5 June 2008 and was replaced by Peter Robinson in both positions. In the third Northern Ireland Executive, Robinson and McGuinness had the same political relationship as before between Paisley and McGuinness. After serving as the first minister to resign on January 11, 2016, Robinson was replaced by Arlene Foster.
After McGuinness resigned on January 9, 2017, Stormont`s decentralized government collapsed, as required by the agreement if no new leader is appointed. Northern Ireland Secretary of State James Brokenshire proclaimed an election in which the DUP and Sinn Féin were returned as the main parties, triggering a countdown of talks between the two leaders before the decentralised government could be restored. From July 2020 [Update], Powersharing has been relocated to Northern Ireland. Participants in the agreement consisted of two sovereign states (the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) with armed men and police forces involved in the riots. Two political parties, Sinn Féin and the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP), were linked to paramilitary organisations: the Commissional Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (EIE). The Ulster Democratic Party (UDP), together with the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), had withdrawn from the talks three months earlier. In international law, a treaty is generally defined as a binding agreement between countries. There is a broad consensus that the parties are negotiating on this issue. For the purposes of U.S. law, a treaty is more strictly defined as a subtype of binding international agreements that require the “advice and approval” of the United States. .
（转载本站文章请注明作者和出处 酷 壳 – CoolShell ，请勿用于任何商业用途）